APPLICATIONS

Because of their unique magnetic, luminescent, and electrochemical properties, these elements help make many technologies perform with reduced weight, emissions, and energy consumption, and give them greater efficiency, performance, miniaturization, speed, durability, and thermal stability.Rare earth-enabled products and technologies help to fuel global economic growth, maintain high standards of living, and save lives.

Rare earth elements are used extensively in these industries

Rare earth elements (REEs) are used in many alternative energy, lifestyle, and defense applications. Alternative energy systems such as wind power generation, fuel cells, hydrogen storage, rechargeable batteries, and the permanent magnets used in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles all rely on rare earths. REEs are used as phosphors in many consumer displays and lighting systems, and are used in fluid-cracking catalysts and catalytic converters in the oil and automotive industries. REEs are also vital for many defense technologies including precision-guided munitions, targeting lasers, communications systems, airframes and aerospace engines, radar systems, optical equipment, sonar, and electronic countermeasures.

Rare Earth Elements Effects

Rare earth elements directly affect our lives by improving the performance of:

  • Alternative Energy Technologies
  • Lifestyle Electronics
  • Defense Technologies:
    Each application requires different combinations and quantities of REEs, as shown in the technology cases below.


"Rare earths are the backbone of many of the devices we use on a daily basis, as well as the technologies that are already contributing to the health of our planet. Rare earths affect many areas of our everyday lives

Rapid Growth

Rapid global industrialisation and population growth has placed increased pressure on the availability of raw materials. Because of their specific optical, magnetic and catalytic properties, rare earths are used in a variety of applications:



  • Industrial processes: petroleum catalytic cracking, chemical catalysis
  • Glass manufacturing: polishing, UV absorption, refractive index improvement
  • Automotive emission control: catalytic convertors
  • Energy storage: NiMH batteries
  • Energy efficient electrical motors: rare earth permanent magnets enabling lighter and more efficient motors
  • Special steel alloys: lighter and less brittle
  • Electronics: semi-conductors manufacturing, micro-motors for computers and servers hard disks, acoustic devices including earphones and high quality speakers, and micro-capacitors used in many electronic devices
  • Lighting: energy efficient fluorescent lamps
  • Medical: PET scanners, MRI
  • Plus a number of new applications under development​